JAPH No. 9


The Journal of Asian Politics & History is published by the Asian Politics and History Association (APHA).



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The Asian Politics and History Association

Tel: (571) 526-4777   Fax: (571) 526-4693

Email: apha@clarewood.org  japh@clarewoo.org
Web: www.aphadc.org



Members: Receive 2 issues with annual  


Individual print: US$40.00, 2 issues per year

Institutional print: US$60.00, 2 issues per year

Postage: Add US$5.00 for non-Hong Kong


Payment: Online payment at www.aphadc.org



General enquiries about advertising or sponsorship

should be sent to APHA at apha@clarewood.org



Responsibility for statements or opinions

contained in all contributions and advertisements

is that of the authors or the advertisers. Editors, the Editorial Board, the Journal of Asian Politics

& History, and the Asian Politics and History

Association assume no responsibility for any

errors, missions, or consequences that may result

from the use of information contained in the




Copyright 2012 by the Asian Politics and History Association  



ISSN 2227-9105


The Asian Politics and History Association is a non-political, non-profit academic society organized by scholars of Asian studies. Established in 2011, APHA members are from Asian countries as well as from Europe, North America and other regions of the world.


APHA Missions

To assist, support and promote the academic

works and activities of its members;  

To establish, promote and strengthen academic

connections, cooperation and exchanges among its

members as well as among colleagues throughout

the world;

To contribute to the advancement of the study of

Asia politics and history, with a focus on the

international relations of Asia;

To make APHA a cultural and academic forum to

promote a worldwide understanding of Asia;

To contribute to the peace and development of the



APHA Chairman

Kingsley Haynes, Clarewood University, USA


APHA  President

Nichlas Thomas, City University of Hong Kong


APHA Executive Director

Mark M. Zhong, Clarewood University, USA


APHA Membership

US$40 (or HK$310 or RMB 250) per year.

Membership Application and membership fee

payment can be done online at www.aphadc.org

APHA Chapters and Partnership

APHA would welcome the discussion of

establishing chapters in certain countries/regions.



The Journal of Asian Politics & History 

acknowledges the support from Clarewood

Research Foundation, APHA Platinum (VIP)

members, and APHA Permanent (life) members.




The Journal

The Journal of Asian Politics & History (JAPH)

is a peer-reviewed academic journal published in

English twice a year. The journal is based in Hong



Aims and Scope

The Journal of Asian Politics & History (JAPH)

publishes quality works that explore the dynamics of Asian politics, significance of Asian history,

and especially the international relations relating

to Asian countries. The journal would welcome

contributions from the fields of international

relations, comparative politics, political

development, regional integration, political

thought, political history, and history of political



Call for Papers

Submissions are welcome from any Asia-related

discipline in the form of original papers, policy

analyses, research notes, survey articles, and book

reviews. While contributions are from all scholars,

JAPH especially encourages scholars in their first

academic positions to submit articles. Deadlines

for submissions are October 31 for the Spring

Issue and April 30 for the Fall Issue.  


Submission Instructions

Articles and other works submitted to the Journal

of Asian Politics & History (JAPH) should be

original contributions and should not be under

consideration by any other publication at the same

time. If another version of the article is under

consideration by another publication, or has been,

or will be published elsewhere, authors should

clearly indicate this at the time of submission.

Papers must be in English and in principle no

more than 15,000 words in length, including

footnotes and bibliography. All papers must be

sent in MS Word or .rtf format to the Editing

Office by e-mail at japh@clarewood.org and at

dzh9400@yahoo.com. Please find JAPH Author

Guidelines on the journal web page (www.aphadc.

org) for complete requirements.



Editor in Chief

David Zhigong Ho, The Clarewood Institute, USA


Senior Editor

George Kallander, Syracuse University, USA


Book Review Editor

CedarBough Saeji, Hankuk University of Foreign

     Studies, South Korea

Manuscript Editors

Oleg Benesch, University of London, UK

Niclas D. Weimar, Cologne University, Germany

Nicole Velasco, Lee University, USA


Associate Editors  

Dongjin Chen, Zhejiang University, China

Albert Park, Claremount McKenna College, USA

Se-mi Oh, University of Wisconsin, USA

Jisoo Kim, George Washington University, USA     


Assistant Editors   

Erik French, Syracuse University, USA

Bo Gao,University of Nottingham Ningbo, China

Jaclyn Clark, University of Washington, USA


Board Co-Chairs 

Brantly Womack, University of Virginia, USA

Yongnian Zheng, National University of Singapore


Board Members

Kent Anderson, Australia National University,


Stephanie Balme, Center for International Studies  

     and Research, France

Jeeyang Rhee Baum, Harvard University, USA

Rudiger Frank, The University of Vienna, Austria

Edmund Terence Gomez, University of Malaya,


Chaiwat Khamchoo, Chulalongkorn University,


Bo Rothstein, University of Gothenburg, Sweden

Gilbert Rozman, Princeton University, USA

Riwanto Tirtosudarmo, the Indonesian Institute of

     Sciences, Indonesia

George Wei, University of Macau, Macau


Address: 19919 Gateshead Circle, Germantown, MD 20876 USA
Phone: (301) 860-7065 
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